What are antacids and how do antacids work? Here is all you will need to know regarding antacids and how they affect your baby's infant acid reflux if you decide this is the best option for treating infant acid reflux.
Antacids work by neutralizing stomach acid and come in multiple forms including tablets, liquids, capsules and lozenges. They are available without a prescription (OTC or over the counter form).
The following ingredients are the combination of a typical antacid:
They are chemical compounds that are able to raise the stomach's pH above 3.5 in ten minutes.
Antacids neutralize gastric acid. Gastric acid is hydrochloric acid or HCI and it consists of hydrogen and chloride ions. It is the hydrogen ions that give acid it's caustic and damaging properties. Antacids can attract and hold onto the hydrogen ions. Grabbing up the hydrogen makes the pH of the stomach less acidic.
Because antacids reduce excess acid, they alleviate symptoms of heartburn and help allow the natural healing process to take place in any damaged areas. Many serve as a protective coating against further damage. However, antacids are a short-term solution because they do not maintain a reduced level of acidity in the stomach.
According to new guidelines, chronic antacid therapy is generally not recommended in pediatrics for the treatment of GERD. [CLINICAL REPORT Gastroesophageal Reflux: Management Guidance for the Pediatrician from The American Academy of Pediatrics].
Your doctor should give you specific instructions for giving them to your child with acid reflux. The most that should be given to your child is three doses a day and it is best if you use them between doses of other treatments and one and three hours after a meal. This is to provide quick relief of symptoms such as heartburn.
Maalox: Maalox is a good example of what NOT to use for your infants acid reflux. The primary reason is it contains aluminum. You should not give your baby aluminum.
Active ingredients (in each 5 ml = 1 teaspoonful)
Aluminum hydroxide (equiv. to dried gel USP) 400 mg ..........Antacid
Magnesium hydroxide 400 mg................................................Antacid
Simethicone 40 mg.................................................................Antigas
Maalox also states that you should consult a physician if you intend to you Maalox with children under the age of 12 years old.
Tums quick dissolve tablets (also not indicated for infants) some have used this with the guidance of a qualified medical practitioner.
Mylanta Cherry Supreme or generic versions:
Although it is NOT indicated for infants under the age of 12 months. Many reflux groups have posted that they have used it as an inbetween treatment when using a PPI or all by itself for occasional symptoms. This method should be discussed with your medical care practitioner.
See below what some families do to use MCS.
Contraindications are what NOT TO DO with antacids or what antacids should not be taken with.
Much of the contents of this page came from the MarciKids website when it was live. All information contained on this page was created and approved by Dr. Jeffrey Phillips, the creator of MarciKids dosing.